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Sheremet Y., Sosson M., Muller C., Gintov O., Murovskaya A., Yegorova T. (2016) Key problems of stratigraphy in the Eastern Crimea Peninsula: some insights from new dating and structural data // Geological Society, London, Special Publications; doi:10.1144/sp428.14
The tectonic evolution of the Eastern Black Sea Basin has previously been explained based on offshore and onshore data, some of the latter from the Crimean Mountains (CM). However, changes in the stratigraphy of the CM have recently been proposed: the Late Triassic–Early Jurassic Tauric Group was assigned as younger (Albian). To clarify the stratigraphy and the tectonic evolution of this area, we sampled the eastern CM for micropalaeontological datings (nannoplankton). The results demonstrate an Early Cretaceous age for the Tauric Group in the eastern CM. The samples contained substantial amounts of volcanic ash, indicating a period of magmatic activity along all the eastern CM. Our field observations allowed us to propose a new structural map and cross-sections, using which three main tectonic units were distinguished. We define a phase of extension during the Early Cretaceous and one of shortening during the Paleocene–Early Eocene, before the main Middle Eocene limestone unconformity. These two phases are related to: (1) the opening of the Eastern Black Sea Basin along NNW–SSE-trending normal faults and the associated magmatism; and (2) north–south shortening that could be comparable with the inversion in Dobrogea and/or with north–south shortening linked to the collision of continental blocks in the Pontides and Taurides domains.